In War and Anti-War the Tofflers briefly survey the military implications of "demassification," which point to highly specialized "niche wars"; the military use of space; robotic combat; nano-technology; non-lethal weapons; and cyberwar. The changing nature of production and the emergence of Third Wave states and regions are already shaping military forces.
They describe how men might fight in the future, but not why. One only has to consider the strategic effect of AKs, shoulder-held antiair missiles, and land mines during the past few decades for a hint of this. Fundamental concepts of our military strategy such as deterrence and conflict resolution are often useless against such opponents.
Since the territorial state with a conventional army has proven unable to decisively defeat low-intensity conflict, it will fade into obsolescence. Carl von Clausewitz, On War, trans. Clausewitz and a New Containment The Removal of the Inhibitions on War and a New Containment The twenty-first century appeared for a time an age defined by economics and, to a great extent, peace.
The character of war has certainly changed or morphed since his time. It can be demonstrated that, due to systematic reasons but also with the respect to historical experience, trying to suspend this tension for the sake of the primacy of one of the two sides always leads to a primacy of the military means, of warfare and violence; see Beatrice Heuser, Reading Clausewitz London, Its continued strategic significance, though, can be questioned.
The basic philosophy of war used by the US military remains Clausewitzian.
There is no longer one exclusive actor to be contained. Clausewitz did mean different things at different points. Containing War and Violence in World Society The concept of containment is associated with the insight that we cannot expect in the foreseeable future to see fully non-violent societies or a non-violent world society.
The emergence of "Third Wave" economics "based on knowledge rather than conventional raw materials and physical labor" will affect all aspects of human life, including warfare.
In other words, the changes are more fundamental than can simply be accounted by shifting characteristics. The Transformation of War is an explicit attempt to explain why and how men fight. From World Security Network: Clausewitz and the Dialectics of War 2.
Who can possibly provide future-looking considerations of armed conflict that even approach the power and depth of On War? Though the literature on warfare and military matters is vast, few writers have grappled with the sort of fundamental issues so astutely dissected by the great Prussian.
The enduring and progressive containment of war and violence is therefore necessary for self-preservation of states, even their survival, and for the civility of individual societies and world society.
What relevance could his work therefore have for the strategic problems of the 21st century? First to the Tofflers.
In fact, the strategic significance of low-intensity conflict seems to have peaked in the s and declined ever since. Perhaps the diverse perspectives they offer can be synthesized. Moreover, it is difficult to validate the doctrines that reflect these different theories by the use of examples of operational success or failure.The work of Carl von Clausewitz continues to bring about heated debate in the 21st Century.
While many scholars see Clausewitz’s On War as an indispensible military thought in the modern times, others view it as an obsolete or morally repellent argument for unlimited, unrestrained and brutal warfare.
. Written by: Phua Seng Yoong Singapore Armed Forces, Question 1: Do the insights provided by Clausewitz who died years ago – friction in war, the culmination of the attack, the roles of chance, uncertainty, and irrational elements in war, and the center of gravity – offer anything worthwhile for 21st Century strategists and war-fighters?
Clausewitz in the Twenty-First Century - Kindle edition by Hew Strachan, Andreas Herberg-Rothe.
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Clausewitz's On War has, at least until very recently, been regarded as the most important work of theory on its subject.
But since the end of the Cold War in /5(2). A Wake for Clausewitz: Toward a Philosophy of 21st-Century Warfare by Steven Metz The Reviewer: Dr.
Steven Metz is associate research professor of national security affairs at the Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College. Clausewitz thus continues to remain relevant to analyze strategic problems of the 21st century as he had developed a theory about the theory of war.
Research Approach Clausewitz recognized that Napoleon had overreached himself and the theoretical significance that a consistent, single military strategy could have different historical outcomes.Download