Among these various states, the experiences of Maharashtra, Gujarat, West Bengal and Karnataka in respect of decentralised planning are providing useful lessons to other states of the country.
In both China and Russia, lower level authorities attained greater powers than intended by central authorities.
Decentralised planning can promote active participation of local people in implementing various local plans and programmes. Empowered employees can cut the "red tape" of an organization by taking the initiative to get the job done with a minimum of managerial approvals. A manager often can make a decision without having to wait for it to go up a chain of command, allowing the organization to react quickly to situations where fast action can mean the difference between gaining and losing a customer.
This has raised a disincentive factor against the popularity of decentralised planning among the non-implementing states. These include, for example, the growing distrust of government generally, the spectacular demise of some of the most centralized regimes in the world especially the Soviet Union and the emerging separatist demands that seem to routinely pop up in one or another part of the world.
A decentralized structure provides a better chance that the organization will maintain self-sufficiency because managers and employees are accustomed to working autonomously.
The committee favoured reduction of the dependence of PRIs on the state governments and suggested that they Decentralised planning their own resources, by the grant of compulsory powers of taxation to them through an amendment to the Constitution.
As a result, the government set up a committee in under the chairmanship of Ashoka Mehta to review the working of Panchayati Raj. In this essay we will discuss about Decentralised Planning in India. As regards the content, state legislatures have been reluctant to transfer real powers and have retained with them, or with their officials, the powers of supervision, control, suspension, Decentralised planning of functions, approvals of the schemes and the like.
How are the activities to be divided among the different levels of Panchayati Raj, and what is the role of technical heads of departments in items assigned to local government? These Councils are then entrusted to submit the required estimates of developmental works of different departments and then prepare and implement sub-divisional plan as per the approved outlay.
In such a decentralized system, there is no single centralized authority that makes decisions on behalf of all the parties. Role of such agencies and functionaries needs to be clearly defined and demarcated.
Hatfield Mildred J. These types of plans raise the involvement of the people in implementing the plan. Introduction to Decentralised Planning in India: More Efficient Decision-Making A decentralized organization is able to make decisions more quickly than one with a centralized structure.
For wiping out regional disparities in respect of economic development, decentralised planning should be adopted simultaneously among all the states of the country. Thus plans are not imposed from above and the concerns groups or localities are actively associated with the whole planning process.
But there are large deviation in respect of adoption of decentralised planning among the various states of the country. But with the passage of time there has been radical departure in the planning process in India from a centralised to a decentralised one where the decision making in the planning process has been reversed from top-to-bottom type to a system of bottom-to-top type.Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a.
central planning Definition The guidance of the economy by direct government control over a large portion of economic activity, as contrasted with allowing markets to serve this purpose.
Decentralized planning is held in contrast to centralized planning where economic information is aggregated and used to formulate a plan for production, investment and resource allocation by a central authority. Decentralised planning has been a feature of socialist and anarchist economics.
Following the acceptance of the recommendations of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, set up inby the National Development Council inthe CD programme was integrally connected to panchayati raj institutions (PRIs), setting the stage for launching of panchayati institutions on a nationwide scale.
Essay # 1. Introduction to Decentralised Planning in India. Decentralised planning is a kind of percolation of planning activities or process from the Centre to the sub-. Decentralized planning thus is more in turn with the democratic aspirations of the people.
The distinguishing point about the two types is the level at which the planning process starts. Each plan involves three essential components.Download