Nature and function of literary criticism

Literary criticism

Develop Writing Skills Literary criticism will not only help students better understand literature, but it will also help them Nature and function of literary criticism write it, according to the humanities department at Georgia Perimeter College.

While discussing literary criticism, it is interesting to know the qualities of a critic in brief, to begin with, first and foremost,a critic must have a sound commonsense and clear thinking in order to judge or evaluate the works of literature in an efficient way. In order that the excellence or shortcomings may be examined properly, he does not preform opinion, but interprets literary values on the basis of his knowledge and experience without an aggressive and unreasonable belief or without any prejudice.

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The late nineteenth century brought renown to authors known more for their literary criticism than for their own literary work, such as Matthew Arnold. He based his moralist perspectives on this belief. With the rise of the literate public and swiftness of printing, criticism arose too.


Philosophy Arnold was a moralist who based his interpretations on this philosophical foundation, Lakshmi writes. This emphasis on form and precise attention to "the words themselves" has persisted, after the decline of these critical doctrines themselves. At this point, the saying of T. While William Rueckert may have been the first person to use the term ecocriticism Barry in his essay entitled Literature and Ecology: Darwinian literary studies studies literature in the context of evolutionary influences on human nature.

From the Spectator to Post-Structuralism. It is important for every writer to understand literary criticism so that he can improve the way he communicates directly and indirectly. Early in the century the school of criticism known as Russian Formalismand slightly later the New Criticism Nature and function of literary criticism Britain and in the United States, came to dominate the study and discussion of literature, in the English-speaking world.

Each was a single voice howling in the wilderness. Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article. Ecocritics examine human perception of wildernessand how it has changed throughout history and whether or not current environmental issues are accurately represented or even mentioned in popular culture and modern literature.

He must know the fact that to understand the works of literature,he needs to put himself in the place of a writer so to that he can appraise the work from the viewpoint of a writer as well.

Among the issues within the history of literature with which book history can be seen to intersect are: Inat the University of Nevada, RenoGlotfelty became the first person to hold an academic position as a professor of Literature and the Environment, and UNR has retained the position it established at that time as the intellectual home of ecocriticism even as ASLE has burgeoned into an organization with thousands of members in the US alone.

Current state[ edit ] Today, interest in literary theory and continental philosophy coexists in university literature departments with a more conservative literary criticism of which the New Critics would probably have approved. Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man can be picked up, read, and enjoyed by virtually anybody without scholarly guides, theories, and intricate explanations, as can Ulysses, if you forget about all the hue and cry.

Reading was no longer viewed solely as educational or as a sacred source of religion; it was a form of entertainment. Thus, the objective of literary criticism is to determine the artistic values, poetic beauty, or the features being regarded as inadequate existing in the works of literature that in turn can help the writer or poet to improve the skills and ultimately the literary works could in this way attract and delight the readers.

This has been a highly influential viewpoint among modern conservative thinkers. He thought that poetry founded on amoral or indifferent beliefs was counterproductive and rebellious to life itself. Scholars in ecocriticism engage in questions regarding anthropocentrismand the "mainstream assumption that the natural world be seen primarily as a resource for human beings" as well as critical approaches to changing ideas in "the material and cultural bases of modern society".

Many later critics, though undoubtedly still influenced by theoretical work, have been comfortable simply interpreting literature rather than writing explicitly about methodology and philosophical presumptions.

It must be borne in mind that the ultimate objective of any work of literature or art is to attract the readers or the viewers or observers with excellence while delighting them aesthetically. Some write intellectual history ; others bring the results and methods of social history to bear on reading literature.

Such anthropocentrism is identified in the tragic conception of a hero whose moral struggles are more important than mere biological survival, whereas the science of animal ethology, Meeker asserts, shows that a "comic mode" of muddling through and "making love not war" has superior ecological value.The word criticism is derived from the Greek word meaning ” judgment”.

What Are the Functions of Literary Criticism?

Hence, criticism was known to be the exercise of judgment on works of literature, or it can be said that criticism is the play of mind to observe the merits and defects on the work of literature.

The primary function of literary criticism is to interpret literature in a way that will increase understanding, according to the English department of Georgia Perimeter College. Literary criticism began in 19th century Europe among the bourgeois class, writes Professor Terry Eagleton of the University of Manchester.

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Ecocriticism is an intentionally broad approach that is known by a number of other designations, including "green (cultural) studies", "ecopoetics", and "environmental literary criticism" and is often informed by other fields such as ecology, sustainable design, biopolitics, environmental history, environmentalism, and social ecology, among others.

The word criticism has been derived from the Greek word which means Judgment. A critic is a person who expresses opinions about the good and bad qualities of books or the works of literature or. The Nature And Function Of Literary Criticism by Charles Mills Gayley (Author), Fred Newton Scott (Author) Be the first to review this item.

Nature and function of literary criticism
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