The items in each section should be listed in alphabetical order. For this reason, many people do not write the final version of the question presented or the short answer until they have almost completed the "discussion" section of the memo.
The only general test is the inquiry whether the facts show that some performance was promised in positive terms in return for something requested.
IRAC need not be applied rigidly as long as all the elements are covered. A note on citations Your memorandum may be used to draft a letter to the client or a brief to the court, so it is extremely important to cite all of your sources and pinpoint to paragraph or page numbers as much as possible.
Try to approach this section using rules synthesized from the cases, rather than simply listing a series of individual cases. You may have weighed arguments against counterarguments.
Since the purpose of the memorandum is to answer the legal question posed, you cannot simply say that the law is unclear and leave it at that. The short answer serves two functions: The question should be sufficiently narrow and should be objective.
I The first step is to state the legal issue. The legal issue is written in the form of a question that is answered in the following section. At the same time, bear in mind that the office memo should be a stand-alone document that can fully inform any colleague in your law office who may read it; therefore, the facts section should always contain a full and coherent recitation of the relevant facts, whether or not the principal reader of the memo already knows them unless, of course, you were instructed to do otherwise.
Remember that the ultimate goal of legal citations is to ensure your reader can easily find any of the material you reference. However, usually you have to make a decision about what a court would likely do if faced with your fact situation. The court held that an advertisement by a department store was not an offer but an invitation to all persons that the advertiser was ready to receive offers for the goods upon the stated terms, reasoning that such a general advertisement was distinguishable from an offer of a reward or other payment in return for some requested performance.
You may find there are different lines of cases, each resulting in a different formulation of the rule. In the application section, you might draw analogies or contrasts between the cases discussed in the rule proof and your facts as a way to reach your conclusion.
Note how the writer alerts the reader to the key point of the doctrine, that general advertisements are treated in law as invitations to negotiate, not offers. It is important to adopt a consistent style throughout your memorandum, rather than switching between in-text citations and footnotes.
Although you will include overall conclusions elsewhere in your memorandum, it is also important to reach a conclusion on each legal issue as it is dealt with in turn. A note on bibliographies If your memorandum is especially long or complex, you may wish to provide a bibliography at the end, listing all of the authorities you have cited.
More On This Topic. You may choose or be asked to use footnotes or endnotes instead. To produce an accurate and well-crafted rule statement, you must have a good understanding of the existing legal authority on which your rule statement is based.
In this memo, the writer has addressed the heart of the incident — the advertisement, the sale of the coats, the arrival of the unhappy shopper — in chronological order in the first paragraph; a second paragraph collects relevant background information about the client.
This section includes analysis of the rule, but does not include application of the rule to your facts. Discussion Conclusion If you follow the model of including your Short Conclusion early in the memorandum, keep that section extremely brief three-four sentences, maximum.
This can be done in a couple of ways. This bibliography can be divided into sub-sections for legislation; jurisprudence; and secondary materials like textbooks and journal articles. Rather, the facts section of an office memo should not be written in a tone that conveys a preference for a particular theory of the case, that implicitly advocates for one side in the dispute, or that telegraphs any of the legal conclusions to be drawn in the discussion section.
You may also wish to include hyperlinks in your citations where appropriate. Choose the organizational scheme that you think will make the facts most clear and memorable to the reader.
The plaintiff had demanded a particular model of radio that was not listed in the ad, and the defendant had declined to sell it at the reduced price. C The last step is to state your conclusion on the legal issue being discussed. Hence, it was not possible for the defendant to make a valid contract by mere acceptance of a "proposition.
Your thinking may become clearer and better organized as the writing proceeds. A complete and well-balanced question presented is incisive — it immediately gets to the heart of the legal question — and it orients the reader to the factual context.
In some circumstances there may be a practical solution that enables you to avoid confronting the uncertainty in the law. You would ascertain which facts are legally significant by referring to the factual criteria based on elements or factors in the legal authority relevant to the question — e.The Legal Memorandum Writing Process Proper research is the most important aspect of the legal writing process, and it should always be thoroughly accomplished prior to sitting down to write a legal memorandum.
Perhaps the most important skill a new lawyer needs to have a firm grasp of is writing. Learn how to write a good legal memo here. Template included. Looking for more ways to improve your legal writing?
I’ve compiled some my best advice on legal writing into one comprehensive, easy-to-follow guide. Memorandum of advice. As an assignment, a ‘memo’ is usually for in-house use, intended to be used by legal colleagues. This can be a ‘legal practice’ document, to a colleague or senior member of a law firm, or a document on legal policy, for example to a politician or an organisation responsible for policy change, such as submission to a law reform.
/ Writing & Analysis / Preparing a legal memorandum; Preparing a legal memorandum. A legal memorandum presents research and analysis and applies the research and analysis to particular facts. A legal memorandum follows a.
Jul 02, · Writing a legal memorandum requires that you think like a lawyer. Accordingly, you must pay attention to detail and separate your personal emotions from your sound legal judgments. Essential to every 95%(22). Home > Legal Writing Center > For Students > Drafting a Law Office Memorandum > Sample Memo Legal Writing Center; Social Justice Initiatives.Download